The act of knowingly capturing, entangling or killing any shark species in Hawaii will be banned beginning Saturday, Jan 1, 2022, which is detailed in Act 51 (House Bill 533).
According to Act 51 (House Bill 533), sharks keep the ocean ecosystem in balance by regulating and ensuring the health of other marine life populations and reefs.
The purpose of the ban is to “protect sharks for their ecological value while not criminalizing the accidental capture and release of sharks that may be captured while fishing for other species as allowed by statute or rule,” as stated in Act 51 (House Bill 533).
The new shark fishing ban does not apply to the following:
- People with special activity permits issued by the Department of Land and Natural Resources (DLNR);
- Shark fishing for public safety purposes authorized and/or conducted by the DLNR;
- Sharks taken outside of Hawaii’s marine waters with required documentation;
- Sharks captured, entangled and/or killed due to self-defense or the defense of another individual;
- Sharks captured or killed based off a DLNR-issued permit.
The sharks face an environment with nowhere to hide, so they use counterillumination as a form of camouflage, the researchers say.
An island in Hawaii has declared itself free of invasive rats that were blamed for eating local seabirds and destroying native plants.
Act 51 (House Bill 533) states that violations of the new law will be considered a misdemeanor and may result in fines: $500 for the first offense; $2,000 for the second offense; $10,000 for the third and subsequent offenses, among many other penalties.
Additionally, a non-commercial permit for the take of sharks may be issued by the DLNR based on native Hawaiian cultural protocol, size and species restrictions, as well as the ban on endangered or threatened species.
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